Sushma Swaraj was a well known Indian politician and a Supreme Court Lawyer. She had served many designations in her political career and was the former Minister of External Affairs in the NDA’s – Narendra Modi Government.
Sushma Swaraj Biography/Wiki
Sushma Swaraj was born on 14 February in the year 1952 in Ambala, Haryana. Her age is 67, and the zodiac sign is Aquarius. She pursued her primary education from Ambala Cantonment, Haryana. In 1966, she pursued her graduation (degree) B.A. with major subjects in Sanskrit and political science from S.D. College (Sanatan Dharma) in Ambala, Haryana. There, she had received the “Best Student” Award in 1970. After that, she completed a Bachelor of Law from Punjab University, Chandigarh.
She started practicing law in the Supreme Court of India in the year 1973. She was the member of the legal team of George Fernandes in the year 1975. Sushma Swaraj entered in active politics since 1970. She was a good public speaker and has won the “Best Hindi Speaker” Award in a state-level competition for three consecutive years, held by the Haryana Language Department.
Height: 4′ 11″ (Approx.)
Weight: 60 kg (Approx.)
Eye Colour: Black
Hair Colour: Black
Family Details – Father, Mother, Husband, Children, Caste
Sushma Swaraj was born into a Brahmin Family. Her father, Hardev Sharma, was a significant member of the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) and her mother, Laxmi Devi, was a homemaker.
Her parents migrated from the Dharampura area of Lahore, Pakistan. Her sister, Vandana Sharma, is also a politician and an associate professor in a Government College for Girls in Haryana. Dr. Gulshan Sharma, her brother, is an Ayurveda doctor in Ambala.
In the year 1975, while she was working in George Fernandes’ legal team, there she met Swaraj Kaushal, Indian Supreme Court’s senior advocate, and a politician. Later, they got married on 13 July 1975. They have a daughter, Bansuri Swaraj, a criminal lawyer, and she practices in the Indian Supreme Court and the Delhi High Court.
Early Life, Political Career:
Sushma Swaraj has stepped into politics in the year 1970. During her college days, she joined the ABVP (Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad), the student wing of the RSS. Between 1975-1977, during the Emergency period, Sushma was taken into the George Fernandes’ legal team. It led her to active participation in politics. She participated in Jayaprakash Narayan’s Total Revolution Movement. She organized many protests opposing the emergency decision taken by Indira Gandhi Government.
After the ending of the Emergency, Swaraj joined the BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party). In the year 1977, she elected as an MLA of Ambala Cantonment Constituency in the Haryana Legislative Assembly. In July 1977, she appointed as a Minister headed by CM Devi Lal, in the Janata Party Government. She was the youngest (at the age of 25) Cabinet Minister of an Indian state. In 1979, she appointed as the Janata Party’s state president in Haryana.
She was appointed as the State Education Minister of Haryana’s State Government in the year 1987, in the BJP-Lokdal Coalition Government. In April 1990, she elected as a Rajya Sabha member. In Lok Sabha Elections held the year 1996, Swaraj elected as the Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) from the South Delhi Constituency. She took charge as the Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government, but, only for 13 days.
In March 1998, she elected as the Member of Parliament of the 12th Lok Sabha from the South Delhi Constituency. She became the Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting, with the additional portfolio of the Ministry of Telecommunications. As a Central Minister, she served the country from 19 March 1998 to 12 October 1998. Under her Ministry, she decided to make film production as an industry. It was a very crucial decision, as, after this, media houses were able to take loans from the banks. Films were funded and fully controlled by the underworld in the backdoor, but, after this decision, the film industry was free from the underworld’s grasp. In October 1998, she resigned and got appointed as the first female Chief Minister of New Delhi.
In 1999, the BJP lost Delhi State Assembly Elections, and her tenure as the CM came to an end. In September 1999, the BJP officially announced her name as the Lok Sabha election contestant against Congress contestant Sonia Gandhi from the Bellary Constituency of Karnataka state. She campaigned a very short time of about 12 days only, but, she secured more than 3,58,000 votes and lost by a less margin of 7% vote share only. After her loss, in April 2000, she returned to the parliament as a Rajya Sabha member, Uttar Pradesh. In November 2000, she was reallocated as a Member Of Parliament from Uttarakhand; after the formation of new state happened.
In September 2000, she was taken into the Cabinet as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting; which she held till January 2003. Later, she was appointed as the Union Minister of Family Welfare, Health and Parliamentary Affairs. As the Minister of Health, she established six new AIIMS (All India Institutes of Medical Sciences). She served up to May 2004, after which the BJP was lost in the elections. She elected to the Rajya Sabha in the year 2006 from Madhya Pradesh. She was appointed as the Opposition’s Deputy Leader in Rajya Sabha. In the year 2009, she contested the General Elections and won from the Vidisha Constituency, Madhya Pradesh. It was a major victory; as she had the highest winning margin of over 4 Lakh votes. She was appointed as the Opposition Leader in the Lok Sabha.
In May 2014, the BJP came into power, and Sushma Swaraj was appointed as the MEA (Minister of External Affairs) in the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Cabinet. She was the first woman to be a full-time Minister for External Affairs Ministry and the second woman to be in charge as the Minister of External Affairs after Indira Gandhi. She played a crucial role in implementing Narendra Modi’s “mark” foreign policy. She is considered as the one among the most successful Ministers of External Affairs. She is loved and remembered for her foreign policy, quick responses on Twitter to help stranded Indians in foreign countries, the way she projected India as a powerful and strong nation. She served till May 2019, but, she did not contest the General Elections, held in 2019; as she was recovering from the kidney transplantation.
Controversies Of Sushma Swaraj
- In June 2015, Sushma Swaraj was heavily criticized when she admitted to helping Lalit Modi by permitting him to get visa approval on humanitarian grounds. He was staying in London, England and there he had applied to migrate to Portugal for the treatment of his wife, Minal Modi. Britain sent an application to the Indian Government, enquiring whether they should approve his visa application. Sushma Swaraj approved his documents on humanitarian grounds, as the Minister of External Affairs.
- In May 2015, She was criticized for losing her cool on Twitter. She angrily replied to a user for a tweet, who claimed that she did favors to get admission to a medical college for her daughter. She replied that her daughter was not in the medical profession and was a lawyer.
- In 2014, she was criticized by the Congress and the TMC parties, when she requested the Government Of India to announce Bhagwad Gita as the national scripture of India.
- She was criticized, when videos of her dancing at Rajghat, the Mahatma Gandhi memorial, during a protest in 1996 gone viral. Swaraj defended herself, according to her, she said that she was dancing to patriotic songs to boost the morale of the protestors.
Honors & Awards:
- She got the Best Speaker Award in the Haryana State Assembly.
- In 2004, she was the first and the only female Member of Parliament (MP) to receive the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award.
- On 24 July 2017, An American News Agency, The Wall Street Journal termed Sushma Swaraj as India’s most-loved political leader.
- She received the honor by Spain Government “Grand Cross of Order of Civil Merit” on 19 February 2019 in recognition of India’s support in the evacuation of 71 Spanish citizens after the Nepal earthquake of 2015.
On 6 August 2019, When she was at her residence, Sushma Swaraj suffered a cardiac arrest. She was immediately taken and admitted in the AIIMS, New Delhi at 09:30 PM to the emergency ward. Doctors attended to treat her, but, they could not revive her. A senior doctor of AIIMS announced that she was no more. She passed away at 10:50 PM. Many political leaders rushed to AIIMS after hearing the news. Her mortal remains were taken to her residence in New Delhi on 7 August 2019 in the morning.
The President of India Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Central Cabinet Minister Smriti Irani, Central Ministers, and many other political leaders visited her home to pay their homage. Her body kept at her house till 12 PM, and then shifted to the BJP headquarters for the party members and other politicians to pay their homage.
Sushma Swaraj Major Achievements
- She was the first woman CM (Chief Minister) of New Delhi.
- She was the first Opposition Women Leader.
- In 1977, she became the youngest person ever to become a Cabinet Minister in India, at the age of 25.
- In 1979, she became the youngest person ever to become the state president of a national political party, at the age of 27.
- She became the first-ever woman spokesperson of a national political party.
Sushma Swaraj Last Tweet (Latest):
- C-7, Civil Lines, Professor’s Colony, Bhopal.
Properties & Assets:
Net Worth: 17.55 Crores INR (as mentioned in 2014)
Cash: 33,285 INR
Bank Deposits: 1.01 Crores INR
Jewelry: 987 grams of gold & 5500 grams of silver worth 24.45 Lakhs INR
Agricultural Land: Worth 93 Lakhs INR in Palwal, Haryana
Residential Building: A Flat worth 1.80 Crores INR in New Delhi
Unknown/Lesser Known Facts Of Sushma Swaraj:
- Her hobbies were writing poetry, performing fine arts, and singing cultural music.
- She was an intelligent student. Her teachers and family often praised her for her academic performance and intelligence.
- She was the best NCC (National Cadet Corps) cadet for three years in a row during her school days.
- Her speech at the UN General Assembly in 2018 was widely praised internationally.
- Swaraj Kaushal, her husband, has served as the Governor of Mizoram in the time period of 1990 to 1993. He had also been the youngest ever Advocate General of India, at the age of 34.